Sisters Divided: The Life Story of the Mitford Sisters and Europe’s Ideological Turmoil

The Mitfords: Communism Vs Fascism In The English Aristocracy | Tale Of Two Sisters | Timeline


The story of the Mitford sisters, Jessica and Diana, encapsulates the stark ideological divide that characterized Europe in the early 20th century. Born just a few years apart, they navigated a world brimming with political tension and societal upheaval. While their upbringing within the English aristocracy might have shielded them from some of the harsh realities of the time, it did little to dampen their passionate convictions and their impact on history.

The Mitford Sisters and the Political Turmoil of Europe

Europe at the turn of the century was a tumultuous landscape, with established regimes struggling to maintain power while new ideologies vied for supremacy. The Mitford sisters, raised amidst this backdrop, found themselves at the center of a profound clash of beliefs. Jessica, the younger of the two, embraced communism, while Diana aligned herself with the principles of fascism. Their differing ideologies not only set them apart from each other but also strained the once unbreakable bonds of sisterhood.

Both Jessica and Diana possessed fiercely competitive spirits and sought to establish their own unique identities. This quest for individuality led them down distinct paths, pitting them against each other and their siblings. As Europe grappled with political uncertainty, the Mitford sisters became deeply entangled in both personal and political affairs, which ultimately ruptured the once close-knit and loving relationship they once shared.

Jessica’s embrace of communism was emblematic of her rebellious nature and desire for social justice. Influenced by her exposure to left-wing intellectuals and her own experiences of inequality, she found solace in the ideals of Marxism. Jessica actively engaged in socialist activism, dedicating herself to fighting for the rights of the working class. Her decision to align herself with the Communist Party was met with disdain and disapproval from her conservative aristocratic family.

On the other hand, Diana’s path led her towards the allure of fascism. Fascism, with its promises of strength, order, and national unity, captivated her. Seduced by the charisma of figures like Oswald Mosley, Diana embraced the tenets of British fascism, becoming a prominent member of the British Union of Fascists. Her choice to align herself with such a controversial and divisive ideology caused a deep rift within the family and further strained her relationship with Jessica.

The ideological chasm between Jessica and Diana mirrored the deep divisions that plagued Europe during this period. While their convictions were unwavering, their political choices put them at odds not only with each other but also with their family and society at large. Their individual paths showcased the extreme ends of the political spectrum, reflecting the wider struggle between communism and fascism that was unfolding across Europe.

Despite their ideological differences, Jessica and Diana’s impact on history cannot be denied. Both sisters played active roles in shaping the political discourse of their time, albeit on opposite ends of the spectrum. Their contrasting beliefs and actions exemplified the choices that countless Europeans were forced to confront during this era of great political turmoil.

The contrasting lives of Jessica and Diana Mitford reflect the tumultuous political climate of the early 20th century. Separated by only a few years in age, the sisters made choices that took them on divergent paths. Jessica’s commitment to communism and her fight for social justice positioned her as a voice for the marginalized, while Diana’s embrace of fascism aligned her with a dark and oppressive ideology.

Their differing ideologies created a rift within the Mitford family, severing once strong and loving bonds. Their personal and political lives became entwined, shaping their identities and influencing their choices. Jessica and Diana Mitford will forever be remembered as emblematic figures of their time, embodying the moral dilemmas and political tensions of an era defined by radical ideologies and divided loyalties.

Jessica Mitford: A Life of Rebellion and Activism

Born on September 11, 1917, Jessica Lucy Mitford, the fifth of the Mitford sisters, led a remarkable life defined by her rebellious spirit and passionate activism. From a young age, Jessica was drawn to the ideals of social justice and equality, which set her on a path far different from her aristocratic upbringing.

Growing up in an aristocratic English family, Jessica’s early years were marked by privilege and tradition. However, her perspectives began to shift as she witnessed the stark inequalities of society. At the age of 19, she eloped with her second cousin, Esmond Romilly, a nephew of Winston Churchill. Esmond shared Jessica’s political convictions and together they embarked on a journey that would shape the course of her life.

Joining the British Communist Party in the late 1930s, Jessica became deeply involved in left-wing activism. She championed workers’ rights, fought against racial discrimination, and advocated for social reform. Her commitment to the cause led her to travel extensively, including a visit to Spain during the Spanish Civil War, where she witnessed the atrocities committed by Franco’s forces.

Jessica’s dedication to communism often put her at odds with her conservative aristocratic family, who disapproved of her political affiliations. Her radical beliefs and outspoken nature made her an outsider in the world she was born into, but they also fueled her drive to challenge societal norms and fight for the rights of the oppressed.

Throughout her life, Jessica authored several books, including her acclaimed autobiography “Daughters and Rebels.” In this memoir, she candidly recounted her upbringing, her political journey, and the complexities of her relationships with her family members.

While Jessica’s commitment to communism remained steadfast, her personal life saw its fair share of turmoil. After the death of Esmond in World War II, she married the civil rights lawyer Robert Treuhaft in 1943. Together, they settled in the United States, where Jessica continued her activism and became a prominent voice in the civil rights movement.

In the later years of her life, Jessica’s focus shifted towards investigative journalism. She exposed corruption, injustice, and malpractice in various industries, notably in her book “The American Way of Death,” which criticized the funeral industry. Her tenacity and determination to uncover the truth made her a respected figure in the world of investigative journalism.

In the later years of her life, Jessica Mitford’s activism continued to evolve and expand into new areas. She became deeply involved in the fight against the abuses of the prison system, advocating for prison reform and better treatment of inmates.

Her experiences and research culminated in the publication of her book “Kind and Usual Punishment: The Prison Business,” which exposed the profit-driven nature of the prison industrial complex and its detrimental impact on society.

Jessica Mitford’s life was defined by her unwavering commitment to social justice, her rebellious spirit, and her unyielding pursuit of equality. She fearlessly challenged the status quo, always standing up for the marginalized and oppressed. Jessica passed away on July 22, 1996, leaving behind a legacy of activism and a testament to the power of individual conviction.

Diana Mitford: A Life of Fascination and Controversy

Diana Freeman-Mitford, born on June 17, 1910, was the third of the Mitford sisters and led a life marked by fascination and controversy. Unlike her sister Jessica, Diana embraced a political ideology that took her down a very different path – that of fascism.

From a young age, Diana was captivated by the allure of far-right politics. Influenced by the political climate of interwar Europe and the rise of figures like Adolf Hitler, she was drawn to the principles of strength, order, and national unity espoused by fascist ideologies.

In 1932, Diana married Sir Oswald Mosley, the leader of the British Union of Fascists. Their union caused a significant uproar, with Diana’s aristocratic family deeply disapproving of her choice. The wedding itself became a notorious event, with Hitler attending as a guest of honor, symbolizing Diana’s close association with the fascist cause.

Diana actively campaigned for her husband’s political party and became a prominent figure within British fascism. She traveled extensively, giving speeches and promoting the ideology of the British Union of Fascists. However, her involvement in fascist politics came at a cost – her relationship with her family, particularly with her sister Jessica, became strained.

During World War II, Diana and Oswald were interned due to their fascist activities. Despite this setback, Diana’s admiration for Hitler and the Nazi regime remained unwavering. She corresponded with Hitler and expressed her support for his policies, which further fueled the controversy surrounding her.

After the war, Diana faced public backlash and was seen as a pariah by many. She and Oswald were briefly imprisoned for their association with fascism, but upon their release, they moved to France. Despite their political setbacks, Diana remained loyal to Oswald until his death in 1980.

Later in life, Diana distanced herself from the overt political activism of her youth, focusing instead on her passion for writing and horticulture. She published several books, including “A Life of Contrasts,” an autobiography that delved into her upbringing, her controversial political choices, and the consequences they brought.

In her later years, Diana Mitford’s focus shifted towards charitable endeavors and reconciliation. She became involved in philanthropic work, particularly in promoting prison reform and supporting incarcerated individuals. Diana also sought to rebuild bridges with her estranged family, attempting to mend the fractured relationships that had been strained by her political choices.

Although her efforts were met with varying degrees of acceptance, Diana’s commitment to seeking understanding and healing demonstrated a more nuanced aspect of her complex persona. Despite the controversy that defined much of her life, Diana Mitford’s journey serves as a reminder of the capacity for growth, compassion, and redemption even in the face of deeply divisive ideologies.

Diana’s life was marked by contradictions and controversy. While she was drawn to the extreme ideals of fascism, she also displayed genuine charm and charisma, captivating those around her. Her fascination with Hitler and the Nazi regime, along with her loyalty to Oswald Mosley, forever stained her reputation and made her a polarizing figure.


The story of the Mitford sisters serves as a cautionary tale, illustrating how political convictions can strain even the strongest of familial bonds. Their ideological divergence tore through the fabric of sisterhood, leaving behind scars that would never fully heal. Their lives stand as a testament to the power of conviction and the enduring influence of political ideologies.

In the end, the Mitford sisters, Jessica and Diana, left an indelible mark on history. Their lives and choices, influenced by the turbulent times they lived in, continue to serve as a reminder of the profound impact that political ideologies can have on individuals, families, and societies at large.

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